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Degree Information

About PhD and MA Diplomas in Civilization Studies


The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) is a student-centered credit system based on the student's workload. It is a value that expresses all the work (theoretical course, practice, seminar, individual study, exams, assignments, etc.) that the student must do in order to successfully complete a course.

During the implementation of the Bologna Process in Turkey, ECTS is one of the most important areas of work. In recent years, many universities in Turkey have intensified their efforts to harmonize their credit and grading systems with ECTS principles.

The Turkish Higher Education Qualifications Framework (Türkiye Yükseköğretim Yeterlilikler Çerçevesi-TYYÇ) refers to the "development of a national qualifications framework in the field of higher education" that member countries of the Bologna Process have committed to establish by 2010 with the aim of increasing transparency, recognition and mobility in higher education systems in line with the objectives of the Lisbon Strategy published by the European Union (EU) in 2000 and the objectives of the Bologna Process, which Turkey joined in 2001. The National Qualifications Framework is a system in which qualifications that can be recognized and associated by national and international stakeholders are structured in a certain order. Through this system, all qualifications and other learning outcomes in higher education can be described and related to each other in a coherent way.

In 2010, studies to determine the student workload-based credits (ECTS) of the courses in the curriculum programs for all levels (Associate, Undergraduate and Graduate) were initiated and completed in 2011, and the ECTS application was made compulsory for all students as of the 2011-2012 academic year.

What is a Diploma Supplement?

Developed by the Council of Europe, the European Commission and UNESCO/CEPES, the Diploma Supplement is a document issued by higher education institutions in addition to the diploma in order for the degree to be easily understood. It must be presented free of charge together with the diploma, without the student requesting it, and, like the diploma, it is issued only once, in a single copy. It is a form designed to ensure that diplomas and degrees awarded in one country are fully understood by relevant institutions and organizations in other countries. The Diploma Supplement helps students to better communicate the skills and competencies they have acquired during their studies. Thus, the diplomas and degrees of students who want to go abroad for study or work are easily understood abroad.

The Diploma Supplement consists of 8 sections. The first part of the Diploma Supplement provides information about the person. In the other sections, there are explanations about the degree, the level of the degree, the content of the program completed, the courses and grades of the relevant student during the program, the academic/professional rights that the degree gives the person, and the higher education system of the country of study.

What is a Diploma Supplement is not?

Diploma Supplement;

  • It is not a substitute for a transcript or transcript.
  • It is not a curriculum vitae (CV).
  • It does not provide academic/professional recognition per se.

What does the Diploma Supplement contribute to students?

  • An easily comparable and more understandable diploma abroad.
  • A complete description of the academic career and the qualifications acquired during the course of study.
  • An objective and fair judgment of achievements and qualifications.
  • Easier access to job opportunities and further education abroad.

What is the contribution of the Diploma Supplement to Higher Education Institutions?

  • Increases the transparency of qualifications by facilitating academic and professional recognition.
  • Increases the recognition of the institution abroad.
  • Increases the employability of its graduates at national and international level.
  • The opportunity to issue a common framework diploma that is recognized throughout Europe.